Apple versus FBI: The People versus The State

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In December 2015, an iPhone belonging to one of the San Bernardino terrorism suspects, Syed Rizwan Farooq was seized by the FBI. However, encryption technology has allegedly prevented the authorities from gaining access to its contents. On January 16, 2016, a federal magistrate in California requested Apple to create a program that would disable key security […]


The Upcoming PEMRA Amendment : A Step Back For Media Freedom

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The media commission report —a Commission set up by the Supreme Court of Pakistan— released in April last year, made recommendations for media reform within Pakistan. The report suggested that the government provide a framework for guidance with checks and balances upon the media keeping in mind that it doesn’t restrict freedom of the press. […]


Now Blocking in Pakistan: IPs and ‘Grey Traffic’

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Over the last few years, Internet censorship and surveillance have been on the rise in Pakistan. International reports have pointed to the alleged presence of FinFisher (espionage and surveillance equipment) and Netsweeper (filtering and blocking equipment) in the country.  In recent months, Internet users have faced service disruptions – slow Internet speed as well the […]

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Crowdsourcing censorship: PTA Stepping Up “Content Blocking” In Pakistan

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In a newspaper ad published today, the Pakistan Telecommunications Authority issued a public notice mainly advertising their complaint cell & asking users report URLs containing content that falls under the category of “pornography, blasphemy & religious abuse..”. As the ad suggests the complaint cell was established in 2006 & has been functional since. The ad in itself […]

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You Privacy is Your Right Not A Privilege

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How I wish I got a penny for each time I heard the argument “.. but you see we don’t deserve freedom of speech because we are an intolerant lot.. what privacy, when you’ve to protect national security..”. Despite revelations that the United State’s National Security Agency (NSA) has been involved in massive surveillance of […]


Why its important to call out abuse

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I have thought about this for a while. The importance of calling out abuse when you witness it. It may seem like a simple solution, why not? if you witness abuse there should be no questions about calling someone out on it? but it’s not as easy. For starters, abuse — no matter how much we speak and educate ourselves about it — […]

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Remembering Shahbaz Bhatti: Stand Up in Peace

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Today marks the second death anniversary of Shahbaz Bhatti. In his memory and as a tribute to his work for minorities, I am republishing an article I wrote hours after he was murdered. It’s painful to acknowledge that things have only worsened since. “There is no hope for Pakistan” “RIP Pakistan” “The Country has gone […]

To the Netizens of China, 致中国网民, From Pakistan

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To the Netizens of China, 致中国网民, I am writing this letter to you on behalf of many Pakistani Internet users who are currently fighting their government’s attempt to restrict their access to information. The 20 million Internet users in Pakistan are on the brink of being monitored, filtered and possibly silenced for their views, and […]