Episode 2: Citizens Protection (Against Online Harm) Rules, 2020, content moderation by platforms, and the Executive Order on Preventing Online Censorship

Guest: Michael Karanicolas, Wikimedia Fellow at Yale Law School, where he leads the Initiative on Intermediaries and Information. His research encompasses a number of thematic areas, including freedom of expression and content regulation, privacy and surveillance, digital contracts, Internet governance, the right to information, human rights and international development, intellectual property law and the regulation of political speech. Prior to joining the ISP, Michael worked at the Centre for Law and Democracy.


The discussion compared the CP Rules 2020 to international precedents and best practices. The areas covered by the discussion were:

  • How the CP Rules restrict citizens’ ability to use the Internet and their chilling effect free speech in online spaces
  • Powers given to the national coordinator and the concerns it raises about political interference in online speech and content on platforms
  • Content moderation in the U.S. and the executive order, its purpose, impact on free speech, safe harbour and liability of platforms
  • Transparency reports by platforms and what they indicate with respect to compliance with government restriction and content takedown requests, and its impact on user behaviour and speech in on online and offline spaces
  • Platform policies and regulation of dangerous content, child pornography and abuse 

Discussion on Michael Karanicolas’ paper on content moderation prescribing human rights standards and a three-part test for social media platforms when making decisions

To read Michael Karanicolas’ paper click here

To read Yale ISP’s publication on the CP Rules 2020 click here 

To watch the complete video click here

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